India is incredible, there are many places to visit in India from Kashmir to Kanyakumari. India is a very beautiful country and the people here are lovely and friendly.
Do you want to feel the history of India but wonder which places to visit in India.Here are the best 15 places by archaeological survey of India.These places are eye catching and engulfs Indian history.All details mentioned here are accurate and provided by archaeological survey of India.
1.SHANIWAR WADA,Pune- It is located in Pune,Maharashtra, India.
Peshwa Baji Rao laid foundation of this great monument on Saturday January 10, 1730.Peshwa Baji Rao was prime minister to Chattrapati Shahu, king of the Maratha empire.Chattrapati Shahu was grandson of Chhatrapati Shivaji. He made this monuments for his residence.It was named Shaniwarwada from the words Shaniwar(Marathi word) which means Saturday and Wada (which means residence complex). Shaniwarwada was completed in 1732, at a total cost of Rs. 16,110, a very large sum at the time.The opening ceremony was performed according to Hindu religious customs, on January 22, 1732, another Saturday chosen for being a particularly auspicious day.
Later the Peshwas made many changes, including the fortification walls, with bastions and gates,court halls and other buildings, fountains and reservoirs. Currently, the perimeter fortification wall has five gateways and nine bastion towers, enclosing a garden complex with the foundations of the original buildings. It was the integral part of the Peshwa rulers of the Maratha Empire until 1818 when the Peshwas surrendered to the British.
2.JORBANGLA TEMPLE,Vishnupur-It is located in Bishnupur,West Bengal,India
It was constructed in 1655 by the king RAGHUNATH SINGHA is a unique temple with its twin structure.
It’s walls has finest of terracotta works of Bengal .It is located in Vishnupur which is 200 km from Calcutta,West Bengal,India.
Vishnupur was the capital of the Malla kingdom.It was ruled by the Malla kings from 994 AD till the British period.The place is famous for the temples made of Laterite stone and decorated with the finest examples of the terracotta art of Bengal. Vishnupur is known for Handloom industry, Conch artefacts, Silk industry and a school of Classical Indian music also called as Vishnupur GHARANA).
3.MISRA YANTRA,Jantar Mantar,New Delhi- It is located at Jantar Mantar,New Delhi,India.
Misra Yantra is one among the four distinct astronomical instruments of the Jantar Mantar observatory located in New Delhi, India.Each instrument at the Jantar Mantar are separate brilliant architectures constructed based on mathematical observations, and help in calculating different aspects of astronomical objects and time.The four instruments are Samrat Yantra(a big sundial for calculating time),Jay Prakash Yantra (two concave hemispherical type structures, used to know the position of Sun and other heavenly bodies),Ram Yantra (two large cylindrical structures with open top, used to measure the altitude of stars based on the latitude and the longitude on the earth) and the Misra Yantra (means Mixed Instrument, named as it is a compilation of further 5 different instruments).
It was built by Maharaja Madho Singh in year range 1751–68 who was the son of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. The five component of misra yantras are the Dakshinottara Bhitti, Samrat (a smaller version of the large sundial, attached to Misra Yantra, in two halves), Niyat Chakra, Karka Rasivalaya, and the Western Quadrant.
4.ASHOKAN PILLAR,kolhua-It is located in kolhua(part of vaishali),bihar,india
The Lion Pillar at Kolhua was built by the great Emperor Ashoka. . It is made of a highly polished single piece of red sandstone, surmounted by a bell shaped capital, 18.3 m high. A life-size figure of a lion is placed on top of the pillar. There is a small tank here known as Ramkund. This pillar beside a brick stupa at Kolhua commemorates Buddha’s last sermon.
5.GATEWAY,excavated site,Ratnagiri-it is located in ratnagiri,japur,orissa.
Ratnagiri also called the hill of jewels is located in the district of Jajpur and is situated on an isolated hill of Assia. It is 100 km away from Bhubaneswar, the capital of orissa, forms the Buddhist diamond triangle comprising two other sites namely Lalitgiri and Udayagiri. The ancient Buddhist remains are situated atop a flat hillock sandwitched between the rivers Brahmani and Birupa.
6.RAJA RANI TEMPLE,bhubaneswar-It is located in bhubaneswar,orissa,India.
Raja Rani Temple is a Lord Siva temple.It is located in Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Orissa, India. Originally it was called Indreswara and serves as a shrine to Shiva. It is also known as ‘love temple’, as it is covered with erotic carvings of women and couples. The temple is known for its graceful sculptures.
7.VIJAY STAMBHA,Chittaurgarh Fort,Chittaurgarh-It is located in Chittaurgarh,Rajasthan,India
Vijay Stambha is also called Tower of Victory.It is a historical structure located in Chittorgarh fort in Rajasthan, India. This tower is the symbol of resistance of Chittaurgarh. It was constructed by Mewar king Rana Kumbha around 1442 AD and 1449 AD to celebrate his victory over the combined armies of Malwa and Gujarat led by Mahmud Khilji .This is dedicated to Vishnu.This structure is 37.19 m high having 9 storied division.It is one of the most remarkable structure in India .
It is built of red sand stone and white marble.It is sculptured by numerous images of Hindu gods and goddesses.
8.GOL GUMBAJ,Bijapur-It is located in Bijapur,Karnatak,India
Gol Gumbaj means “rose dome”, it refers to the flower like rose,lotus petals that surround the dome at its base,which appear as a budding rose.It is the mausoleum or samadhi(hindi word) of Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur. The tomb islocated in Bijapur, Karnataka in India.It was completed in 1656 by then architect Yaqut of Dabul.It symbolizes Deccan architecture.
9.BIBI-KA-MAQBARA,Aurangabad-It is located in Aurangabad,Maharashtra,India
This monument is built by the Mughal Prince Azam Shah, in the late 17th century as a loving tribute to his mother, Rabia Durrani .She was the first wife of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.Its name translates to ‘Tomb of the Lady’.It was also nicknamed ‘poor man’s Taj’ because it was originally planned to rival the Taj Mahal but was prevented from doing so due to budget constraints.Aurangzeb gave Azam Shah Rs. 7,00,000 only for the construction,but Taj Mahal costed 32 million Rupees.Bibi ka Maqbara is believed to be built between 1651 and 1661.
10.CHARMINAR,Hyderabad-It is located in Hyderabad,India.
The Charminar was built in 1591 .It is a monument and mosque located in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. This is the landmark which has now become a global icon of Hyderabad,also it is listed among the most recognized structures of India.The Charminar is located on the east bank of Musi river, to its the northeast lies the Laad Bazaar and in the west end lies the granite-made richly ornamented Makkah Masjid.
It is made of two words in urdu Char and Minar which translates to “Four Towers”.Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the 5th ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty built Charminar in 1591 ,shortly after he had shifted his capital from Golkonda to what is now known as Hyderabad.He built this famous structure to mark the elimination of a plague epidemic from this city.
11.KESHAVA TEMPLE,Somanatahpura-It Is located near mysore,karnataka,India
Somanathapura is a town located at 35 km away from Mysore city in Mysore district, Karnataka, India. Somanathapura is famous for the Chennakesava Temple also called Kesava or Keshava temple built by Soma, a commander in 1268 under Hoysala king Narasimha III, when the Hoysalas were the major power in South India. The Keshava temple is one of the finest examples of Hoysala architecture. The temple is in the care of the Archeological Survey of India as a protected heritage site and visitors are allowed only from 9:00AM to 5:30PM.
12.DHAMEKH STUPA,Excavated Site,Srnath-It is located in Varanasi,Uttar Pradesh,India.
The Dhamek Stupa was built to replace an earlier structure commissioned by the great Mauryan king Ashoka in 249 BCE, along with several other monuments, to commemorate the Buddha’s activities in this location. Stupas looks like a circular mounds encircled by large stones. King Ashoka built stupas to show the Buddha and his disciples way to enshrine small pieces of calcinated bone and their other relics.An Ashoka pillar with an edict engraved on it stands near the site.
Dhamek Stupa is a big stupa located at Sarnath, 13 km away from Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
13.RANGHAR PAVILLION,Joyasagar-It is located in Joysagar west of Sivasagar town,Assam,India.
Rang Ghar means “Amusement House” .It is a two-storied building, which was the royal sports-pavilion from which the Ahom kings and nobles witnessed games like buffalo fights and other sports at the Rupahi Pathar (Pthar means field) specially during Rangali Bihu festival in the Ahom capital, Rangpur. There is a design of an Ahom royal long boat on the roof of the Rang Ghar. The building was constructed during the reign of Swargadeo Pramatta Singha in 1746.
14.TEMPLE 3,Nalanda-It is located in Nalanda,Bihar,India
Temple 3 is over 100 feet high monument. It is an elevated stupa which was accessed by a staircase. Smaller stupas surrounds the main monument.
The temple underwent seven stages of re -modelling between 300 BC and 1100 AD. The great stupa was built in the Gupta period.
15.JAHAZ MAHAL,Mandu-It is located in Dhar district in the Malwa region,Madhya Pradesh,India.
Mandu was founded as a fortress by Raja Bhoj. It was conquered by the Muslim rulers of Delhi in 1304.In 1401, the Mughals captured Delhi.The Afghan Dilawar Khan, governor of Malwa, set up his own little kingdom and the Ghuri dynasty was established and then began Mandu’s golden age.His son, Hoshang Shah, shifted the capital from Dhar to Mandu and raised it to its greatest splendour.
Hoshang’s son, Mohammed, the third and last ruler of Ghuri dynasty ruled for just one year ,he was poisoned by the militaristic Mohammed Khalji, who established the Khilji dynasty and went on to rule for the next 33 years. He was succeeded by his son, Ghiyas-ud-din in 1469 and ruled for the next 31 years. Ghiyas-ud-din was a pleasure seeker and devoted himself to women and song.He had a large harem and built the Jahaz Mahal for housing the women, numbering thousands. Ghiyas-ud-din was poisoned, aged 80, by Nasir-ud-din, his own son.